Regulation and professional organization
The profession of midwifery in Ontario is self-regulated and governed by the College of Midwives of Ontario. The primary responsibility of the College is protection of the public, specifically women who give birth and their babies to whom its members provide care.
The Association of Ontario Midwives is the professional organization representing the practice of midwifery and midwives. The Association promotes and advocates for midwifery as an integral part of the Ontario health care system.
Becoming a registered midwife in Ontario requires completing a four-year university degree through the Ontario Midwifery Education Program. If a midwife has been trained outside of Canada, she completes the International Midwifery Pre-Registration Program. Once a midwife has completed training, she is licensed through the College of Midwives of Ontario.
When midwifery was regulated in 1994, legislation recognized Aboriginal midwifery and states that Aboriginal midwives may continue to practice autonomously. Aboriginal midwives may obtain training through the four-year Aboriginal Midwifery Training Program at Tsi Non:we Ionnakeratstha Ona:grahsta’ Maternal and Child Centre on Six Nations of the Grand River territory.
The National Aboriginal Council of Midwives (NACM) was formed in 2008 and has the same status as other provincial and territorial midwifery associations within the Canadian Association of Midwives (CAM). NACM is fully autonomous, but receives support from CAM, its umbrella organization.