Pain Management


Sterile Water Injection Tip Sheet (2022)

A visual summary of the mechanism, benefits, steps to administer and supplies required for the clinical use of sterile water injections to relieve intrapartum pain in labouring clients for up to three hours. 



Nitrous Oxide Tip Sheet (2022)

A visual summary of the mechanism of action, benefits and risk of use, administration steps and required supplies to guide the clinical use of nitrous oxide to relieve intrapartum pain. 


Client Facing Resources

Water birth: A web resource for clients providing an overview of the research on water birth including benefits and safety information for birthing client and the neonate. 

Pain relief glossary: A web resource for clients summarizing the different comfort measures and pain relief options for labour and birth.