What Happens If Things Don't Go as Planned?

Midwives have the training and skills to:

  • identify when a complication is developing early on
  • correct many developing complications
  • know when to involve specialists (e.g. obstetrician, pediatrician) to help treat complications and achieve the best health outcomes possible for you and your baby

Non-urgent transfer to hospital

Most people move from home into the hospital for non-urgent reasons. The most common reasons are:

  • to access pain relief options only available in hospital (e.g., an epidural)
  • to access an IV drip that contains the drug oxytocin to help speed up labour that is progressing very slowly

In these situations, there is no need to rush to the hospital. Travel can occur by car or taxi. 

Emergency transport to hospital

Very few people who plan to have their babies at home are transferred urgently to hospital by ambulance. The most common emergencies requiring ambulance transport include:

  • heavy bleeding after the birth (post-partum hemorrhage) Post-partum hemorrhage is heavy bleeding after birth. It's normal to lose some blood during and after a birth. However, if you lose more blood than normal, you may feel tired, weak and find recovering from the birth can be more difficult.
  • concerns about the baby’s heartbeat during labour or their breathing after the birth.

If an urgent transfer to hospital is required, your midwife or (second attendant) In some places where there aren’t many midwives, births are attended by a midwife and a second attendant instead of a second midwife. For example, in some remote communities nurses act as the second care provider at births with midwives.1 Ontario C of M of. Second Birth Attendant Standard [Internet]. Canada: Web; 2018. will call 911. Emergency Medical Services (EMS) will come to your home, and you and/or your baby will be transported to the hospital by ambulance. The hospital will be notified of your and/or your baby’s condition. This allows staff to prepare for your arrival and prevent potential delays in care.

Depending on the situation, your midwife will either accompany you in the ambulance or meet you at the hospital.

Transferring from home to hospital: At the hospital

Midwives work with a wide range of other healthcare providers in hospitals to make sure that you receive safe, excellent care.

Sometimes it is recommended that a doctor takes over parts of your or your baby’s clinical care.  If this is the case, your midwife will continue to provide supportive care, comfort and information.  They will take over clinical care once your or your baby’s condition has improved.